The ultimate guide shipping freight from the Midwest to Mexico
Are you thinking about shipping freight to Mexico? Is it going to be your first time shipping freight from the Midwest in the United States to Mexico? Do you have experience shipping freight to Mexico but you want to understand better the process and diversify your providers? You are in the right place.
Mexicom logistics presents you the ultimate guide shipping freight from the Midwest to Mexico, with information and infographics about the times, procedures, paperwork, transportation options, costs and more.
Intro: The freight shipping process from the Midwest in the US to Mexico in brief
In general, the freight shipping process from the United States to Mexico involves the following main steps:
- Preparation of the shipment and paperwork
- Freight transport from the origin to the US-Mexico border.
- Cargo inspection in the US-Mexico border
- Border-crossing: freight transport between the two borders, which is a movement made by the “transfer”
- Freight transport from the US-Mexico border to the final destination in Mexico
In general, what do you need to ship freight from the Midwest to Mexico
1- A transportation company/freight forwarder specialized in shipping freight to Mexico
It is important to count on a transportation company that has experience shipping freight to Mexico, such as Mexicom Logistics, and that can manage and guide you through the process.
There are two options when choosing the transportation company that will help you with your freight shipments to Mexico: you can hire either a Carrier or a Freight Forwarder. A freight forwarder can offer more competitive costs than the ones that a company or shipper could obtain alone. Freight forwarders can negotiate with a large number of carriers to obtain the lowest rate in your shipments to Mexico. For more information in this topic, we recommend you our post: Why shippers use a freight forwarder
2- An importer in Mexico
The consignee in Mexico has to be registered as an importer for the specific product that is going to be exported in the Official Register of Importers, known as the ‘Padron de Importadores’ in Mexico. This registration will ensure that the importer is part of the Mexican Tax Authority (SAT).
3- A Mexican customs broker
The use of a customs broker is compulsory when shipping freight to Mexico. A Mexican customs broker facilitates the paperwork, inspection, cross-docking and follows through until your merchandise is fully cleared through customs. The Mexican Customs Broker has to have a comprehensive understanding of the Mexican importation process.
Tip: Ask your consignee if they already work with a customs broker. Working with the customs broker that has already managed shipments for your consignee will accelerate the process. Otherwise, Mexicom Logistics can recommend you customs brokers that provide world-class personal customer service and will make the border-crossing smooth.
The documents required when shipping freight to Mexico from Midwestern United States
1- List of the documents required to start the transport process from the Midwest to Mexico
Bill of lading. As described above, the also called BL or BoL, is a document signed by the Shipper and the Transportation company, as well as by the receiver when it receives the goods. The bill of lading includes:
- The details of the goods (weight, pallets, description,etc)
- The quantity
- The origin of the goods
- The destination of the goods
- Freight charge terms, among other information.
The Letter of Instructions. As mentioned above, the Letter of instructions is a document that needs to be provided by the freight forwarder and filled up by the shipper. This document instructs the freight forwarder on how and where to handle the export shipment. It contains:
- Shipper’s information
- Customs broker information
- Consignee’s information
- Merchandise description (pick-up number, type of merchandise, weight, number of pallets, type of equipment)
- Billing information, among other information.
POA Power of Attorney is a legal document used in shipping to grant a customs broker the authority to process Customs clearance on the shipper’s behalf.
The Shipper /Exporter prepares a POA Power of Attorney and gives it to the customs broker so that the later can prepare the Cargo Manifest (more information about the cargo manifest below).
2. Documents required during the US-Mexico border crossing process
The border between the United States and Mexico is one of the busiest in the world. Its geopolitical position, the type of goods transported and the high cross-border control, make the transportation of merchandise a complex process. Shippers prefer to hire a freight forwarder expert in the US-Mexico border crossing to make sure their cargo will cross the border hassle free. The following is the list of documents that are required to transport freight across the US-Mexico border.
DODA. The DODA is an acronym for Documento de Operación para el Despacho Aduanero, in Spanish, and is the new document for customs clearance, effective since April 2018. It replaces the need for other customs documents, such as the Pedimento and is generated through the MX Customs portal or through the designated Customs broker web service. It is generated based on the information of the pedimentos that are validated and paid and it contains a two-dimensional code QR (Quick Response Code), an electronic signature of the Customs Agent and the digital seal of the Tax Administration Service (SAT).
Companies will have the customs broker/legal representative prepare a DODA, which will be printed and handed to the freight forwarder who will then present it along with the merchandise, before the Mexican customs for inspection.
The DODA includes the following information:
- Customs and section (Customs office).
- CAAT number (carrier alphanumeric code).
- Transport identification number (plates).
- The information of the pedimentos that are validated and paid among other information.
Cargo Manifest is a document prepared by a licensed U.S. customs broker. The manifest gives the commercial details of the goods, such as:
- Transport document numbers
- Shipper, consignee
- Bill of Lading No.
- Marks and numbers
- Number and kind of package
- Number and kind of packages, description of goods, unit No
- Gross weight
- Freight details, charges, among other information.
3. List of the documents required for the transportation of the goods in Mexico
The Carta porte is a legal document that proves the existence of a transport contract between the shipper and the carrier. It is issued by the carrier and it informs about the terms in which the transportation agreement was made and attributes rights over the transported goods.The carta porte includes the following information:
- Carrier’s information
- Shipper’s information
- Consignee’s information
- Description of the goods
- Truck plate
- Value of the goods
- Payment conditions
4. Documents required at the delivery of the goods at the final destination in Mexico
Proof of delivery. The Carta Porte becomes the Proof of Delivery when it is signed by the consignee at the reception of the load. The proof of delivery proves that the cargo was shipped. If the freight is damaged or there are missing pieces at the moment of the delivery, the Consignee has to mention it in the Proof of delivery.
Transit times when shipping freight from the Midwest to Mexico
The transit times of a load depend on different factors: the route, the driver’s resting times, the holidays, the weather, among others.
The first step to calculate the transit times shipping to Mexico is to choose the route between the origin and the destination point, obtain the distance in miles or KM and calculate the time. Regularly, we calculate 550 miles per day.
From the Midwest to Mexico, please consider the following transit times:
Transit times on the U.S. portion:
- From Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin to Laredo Texas: 4 days transit time.
Transit times on the Mexican Portion:
- From Laredo to the Northern States in Mexico, such as Monterrey, Tamaulipas or San Luis Potosí: 1 day transit time
- From Laredo to the states in the center of Mexico and El Bajío, such as Guanajuato, Leon, Queretaro, Mexico City, State of Mexico or Puebla: 2 days transit time.
Also, you need to add the time required to inspect cargo at the US-Mexico border and as well as the transfer time. Generally, 2 days are considered for the border crossing.
Finally, when calculating the transit times it is important to take into consideration the factors that can delay your freight shipments, such as trucks inability, weather conditions, weekends and holidays. Thanks to its large network of carriers, Mexicom Logistics will always have a truck available for you.
Freight transport in double-drop from Michigan, USA, to Monterrey, NL, Mexico: 4 days in the United States section + 1 day in the Mexican section + time at the border: 6-7 days.
For more detailed information about the transit times and more examples, please take a look at our post on this topic: Calculating transit times for freight shipments to Mexico.
What are the transportation options to ship freight to Mexico from the Midwest?
You can choose among a wide variety of trucks and transportation modes to transport your goods to Mexico.
1. Shipping freight to Mexico on a Dry Van, either in FTL or in LTL
You can transport your freight from any state in the Midwest to Mexico in a 48′ or 53′ Dry Van Trailer in a Full Truck Load (FTL) Service, in a Less Than Truckload (LTL) or in Partial freight transportation.
- Full Truck Load or FTL is the option for you if your shipment is large enough to fill or nearly fill an entire 48′ or 53′ Dry Van. The Dry Van is completely dedicated to one customer, therefore, the trailer doesn’t make stops on the way to the final destination. Some of the characteristics of the FTL are:
- Short transit times
- A dedicated truck just for one customer
- Maximum 44,000 lbs of product
- 10 or more pallets
Click here to know more about our FTL freight services from the U.S. to Mexico
- Less Than Truckload or LTL is the transportation of freight that combines shipments from multiple customers in a single truck. In other words, as every customer’s shipment does not require a full 48′ or 53′ trailer, the portion of the truck unused is filled up with another customer’s shipment. Each customer pays according to the type (class), amount, weight, size and density of shipment and the length of travel. Some of the characteristics of the LTL are:
- Up to 12′ of linear space
- Maximum 10,000 lbs of product
- 1-6 stackable pallets or 1-3 non stackable pallets
Click here to know more about our LTL freight shipping services across North America
2. Shipping temperature-sensitive goods from the US to Mexico on a Reefer
Another option is to ship freight to Mexico in a reefer, which is a refrigerated trailer where you can transport perishables and other temperature-sensitive goods, such as such as fruits, meat, fish, seafood, vegetables, dairy, flowers, pharmaceuticals, among others.
- Short transit times
- Maximum 44,000 lbs of product
- For temperature sensitive goods
- Temperature range from -40 to 40 C
3. Flatbed shipping to Mexico
Flatbeds are trucks without a roof and without sides. They are used to transport loads that do not need to be transported in a closed truck and do not need to be kept at a specific temperature. Construction materials, pipes, wood, molds, tanks, steel tanks, rods, aeroparts, machinery, bricks and are some examples of the type of goods that are usually transported in flatbeds.
- Several types of equipment such as Flatbeds, double drops, and step-decks, with different dimensions.
- The shipment can be loaded by the top or side of the truck
- Cargo can be protected with tarps
- Maximum weight of 48 lbs
Are there different trucking legal height limits in the Midwest and in Mexico?
There are different Trucking Legal Height Limits in the different states of the U.S. Midwest and Mexico. For oversize loads, states and countries issue permits that allow vehicles of certain configurations and sizes to exceed the size limitations.
Trucking height limits in the Midwest:
Illinois vehicles height limit: 13’6″
Indiana vehicles height limit: 13’6″
Iowa vehicles height limit: 13’6″
Kansas vehicles height limit: 14′
Michigan vehicles height limit: 13’6″
Minnesota vehicles height limit: 13’6″
Missouri vehicles height limit: 13’6″
Nebraska vehicles height limit: 14’6″
North Dakota vehicles height limit: 14′
Ohio vehicles height limit: 13’6″
South Dakota vehicles height limit: 14′
Wisconsin vehicles height limit: 13’6″
Trucking height limits in Mexico:
The maximum height authorized for all vehicle classes and all road types is 4.25 m (13.94 ft).
However, a height of up to 4.50 m (14.76 ft) can be allowed as long as the route traveled by the vehicle does not have a clearance problem
How much does it cost to ship freight from the Midwest to Mexico?
The freight shipping cost from states in the Midwest to Mexico will depend on the origin, the destination, the type of truck needed, the type of transportation service, either FTL or LTL, weight, number of pieces, dimensions, and type of product.
One of the ways to save money while shipping freight to Mexico is to hire a freight forwarder. The tendency of companies to hire freight forwarders to take charge of their freight transport needs is growing. In North America alone, the segment receives annual revenues of more than 40 billion and expects 10% growth in the next year.
One of the reasons why shippers choose to contract the services of a freight forwarder is the need to reduce transportation costs. A freight forwarder can offer more competitive costs than the ones that a company or shipper could obtain alone, for three reasons:
- Preferential rates by volume. The freight forwarders have preferential rates because they transport large volumes of goods and make a large number of loads.
- Cargo consolidation. Brokers or freight forwarders specializing in a specific region have frequent requests for transport for the same route, so it is possible to consolidate merchandise of two or more customers in a single truck to reduce costs.
- Price comparison based on expertise. The freight forwarder has a large network of suppliers and transports goods all the time throughout the year on frequent routes. Its expertise allows the freight forwarder to have a point of reference when determining if a cost is high or low and to identify the most competitive rates for its client.
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